Places in the Bible Today:

Kedesh 4

Data

Translated NameKedesh
Typesettlement
Notesin Naphtali
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Kedesh-naphtali (ancient): 80% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of Khirbet QedishKhirbet Qedish

    2. ruins at Tel KedeshTel Kedesh

    3. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu QedeisTell Abu Qedeis

    4. satellite view of the region around Tell QisyonTell Qisyon

    5. panorama of Tell RekheshTell Rekhesh

    6. satellite view of the region around Tell el AjjulTell el Ajjul

  2. another name for Kedesh 1 (ancient): 25% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Tel KedeshTel Kedesh

    2. panorama of Khirbet QedishKhirbet Qedish

    3. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu QedeisTell Abu Qedeis

    4. satellite view of the region around Tell QisyonTell Qisyon

    5. panorama of Tell RekheshTell Rekhesh

    6. satellite view of the region around Tell el AjjulTell el Ajjul

  3. Khirbet Qedish (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Khirbet QedishKhirbet Qedish

Verses (3)

Judg 4:9, 4:10, 4:11

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Logos FactbookKedesh-naphtali
OpenBible.info (2007)Kedesh 1
OpenBible.infoad74690 (Kedesh 4)
TIPNRKedesh@Jos.12.22
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2579

Sources

  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Kedesh (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Kedesh
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Kedesh
  4. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Judg 4:8-10
  5. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Kedesh
  6. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003): Kedesh
  7. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Kedesh
  8. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 12:22
  9. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Kedesh in Naphtali
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Kedesh, Kedesh in Naphtali
  11. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Kedesh
  12. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Kedesh
  13. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Kedesh
  14. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Kedesh
  15. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010): Kedesh (Naphtali, Lower Galilee)
  16. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Kedesh
  17. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 4:11

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Kedesh-naphtali), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Aner Ottolenghi, Natalinasser, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Aaadir

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.