Places in the Bible Today:

Kadesh-barnea

Data

Translated NamesEn-Mishpat, En-mishpat, En Mishpat, Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea, Kadesh Barnea, Meribah-Kadesh, Meribah Kadesh, Meribath-kadesh, Waters of Meribah-kadesh
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Ain el Qudeirat (modern): 90% confidence
    1. pool at Ain el QudeiratAin el Qudeirat

  2. Ein Qedeis (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. closeup of Ein QedeisEin Qedeis

Verses (24)

Gen-Deut (18)
Gen 14:7, 16:14, 20:1
Num 13:26, 20:1, 20:14, 20:16, 20:22, 27:14, 32:8, 33:36, 33:37, 34:4
Deut 1:2, 1:19, 1:46, 2:14, 9:23
Josh-Ruth (6)
Josh 10:41, 14:6, 14:7, 15:3
Judg 11:16, 11:17

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com566
Logos FactbookKadesh-barnea
OpenBible.info (2007)En-mishpat, Kadesh 1, Kadesh-barnea
OpenBible.infoac2cef0 (Kadesh-barnea)
Pleiades687868
TIPNRKadesh-barnea@Num.32.8
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2210, ot ID_2578, ot ID_2580
WikidataQ954599

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 438
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Kadesh-barnea (place)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Kadesh Barnea
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 250
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Kadesh, Kadesh-Barnea
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Num 33:5-37
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Kadesh
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Ain el-Qudeirat; Kadesh-barnea
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Kadesh
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 10
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  15. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 99
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Kadesh
  17. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Kadesh-barnea
  18. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 13:26
  19. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Kadesh-barnea
  20. Matthews, Genesis (1996, 2005): 14:5-7
  21. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 53
  22. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 2
  23. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Kadesh, Kadesh Barnea
  24. New Bible Atlas (1985): Kadesh-barnea
  25. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Kadesh
  26. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  27. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  28. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Kadesh-barnea
  29. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 123
  30. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Kadesh-barnea
  31. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea
  32. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Qades Barnea
  33. Wenham, Numbers (1981): 33:37-49
  34. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Kadesh-barnea
  35. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:2-4
  36. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Kadesh-barnea
  37. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  38. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  39. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 13:26
  40. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 67

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Ain el Qudeirat), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Matson Collection, Matson Collection

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.