Places in the Bible Today:

Hazor 4

Data

Translated NameHazor
Typesmountain or settlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Hazzur (modern): 55% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet HazzurKhirbet Hazzur

  2. another name for Baal-hazor (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Jebel AsurJebel Asur

Verses (1)

Neh 11:33

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com496
Logos FactbookHazor (of Benjamin)
OpenBible.info (2007)Hazor 4
OpenBible.infoae9b9bc (Hazor 4)
TIPNRHazor@Neh.11.33
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1122

Sources

  1. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Hazor
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Hazor
  3. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Hazor
  5. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Sam 13:23-34; Neh 11:33
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Hazor
  8. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Hazor
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Hazor
  11. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Hazor
  12. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  13. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Hazor
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Hazor
  15. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hazor
  16. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Hazor
  17. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet Hazzur), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Deror_avi

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.