Places in the Bible Today:

Hazar-shual

Data

Translated NamesHazar-shual, Hazar Shual
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. within 10 km of Beersheba 1 (ancient): 45% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of ruins at Tel Beer Shevawithin 10 km of Tel Beer Sheva

    2. well at Bir es Sebawithin 10 km of Bir es Seba

  2. Khirbet el Waten (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el WatenKhirbet el Waten

  3. Hazar Betarim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Hazar BetarimHazar Betarim

  4. Tel Masos (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tel MasosTel Masos

Verses (4)

Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 15:28, 19:3
1Sam-Esth (2)
1Chr 4:28
Neh 11:27

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Logos FactbookHazar-shual
OpenBible.info (2007)Hazar-shual
OpenBible.infoa89005a (Hazar-shual)
TIPNRHazar-shual@Jos.15.28
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1130
WikipediaHazar-shual (redirect)

Sources

  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Hazar-shual (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Hazar-shual
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Hazar-Shual
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Hazar-shual
  5. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Hazar-Shual
  7. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 95
  8. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  9. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Hazar-shual
  10. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  11. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hazar-shual
  12. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:28
  13. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Hazar-shual
  14. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

gugganij, Daniel Baránek, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.