Places in the Bible Today:

Hapharaim

Data

Translated NamesHapharaim, Haphraim
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Et Taiyibeh (modern): 45% confidence
    1. cityscape of Et TaiyibehEt Taiyibeh

  2. Afula (modern): 25% confidence
    1. ruins at AfulaAfula

  3. Tel Parur (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tel ParurTel Parur

Verses (1)

Josh 19:19

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Logos FactbookHapharaim
OpenBible.info (2007)Hapharaim
OpenBible.infoa6309c7 (Hapharaim)
TIPNROphrah@Jdg.6.11
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1117
WikipediaHapharaim (redirect)

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 435
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Hapharaim (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Hapharaim
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Hapharaim, Hapharaim-shion
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Hapharaim
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 19:19
  8. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  9. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 21
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Hapharaim
  12. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  13. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Hapharaim
  14. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Hapharaim
  16. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Hapharaim
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Hapharaim
  18. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hapharaim
  19. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 19:19; 19:19 note 7
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Haphraim
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

doron kirshberg, Deror_avi, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.